» T. Hogg and B. A. Huberman, Better Than the Best: The Power of Cooperation, 1993
Cooperative problem solving is a powerful method for approaching difficult problems. This paper describes two computational search examples for which cooperative parallel search is effective for hard problem instances (cryptarithmetic and graph coloring).
» D. C. Parkes and B. A. Huberman, Adaptive Portfolio Selection by Investment Groups, 1997
Cooperation among individuals can also lead to better market performance.