The Web is steadily increasing its reach beyond the desktop
to devices ranging from mobile phones to domestic appliances.
However, as the number of devices access the Internet increases,
the problem of creating presentations for each device type grows
worse. This paper explores these key questions:
- How can we express a Web application independent of the
- How can we adapt device-independent applications to suit
delivery device capabilities?
- How can authors retain some control over the final presentation
of their content?
the full paper. (originally published as an HP
Labs technical report). Requires » Adobe
About the authors:
Mark Butler is a researcher at HP Laboratories in Bristol,
UK. His research interests include device independence, digital
media, pervasive computing and machine intelligence. He received
an MEng in Computer Science and Electronic Engineering from
Birmingham University and a PhD in machine intelligence from
Liverpool University. Mark is currently chair of the World
Wide Web Consortium CC/PP Working Group and specification
co-lead on Java Specification Request 188.
Fabio Giannetti has been a researcher at HP Laboratories
in Bristol, since August 2000. He received and MSc in Computer
Science Engineering from the University of Genoa, Italy in
July 2000 with a thesis entitled "XML and XSL for document
management and rendering". He has developed WH2FO (Word
HTML to Formatting Objects) and FOA (Formatting Object Authoring
tool), two public tools based on XSL-FO technology. Fabio
is currently investigating how XML and XSL technology could
be used to publish web applications and documents in a device
independent manner across multiple channels.
Roger Gimson has been a researcher at HP Laboratoriess
in Bristol since 1987, involved with a wide range of projects
both as an individual contributor and as a project manager.
He received BSc and PhD degrees from the University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne,
and was a lecturer at University College Dublin and a researcher
at Oxford University before joining HP. His current interests
include content re-use and delivery. Roger is currently chair
of the W3C Device Independence working group.
Tony Wiley is a project manager in the Digital Media Systems
Laboratory, HP Laboratories Bristol. Studied for BSc and PhD
degrees in Computer Science at the University of Lancaster
before taking a position in the Telecom Technology Group at
Plessey Research in 1987. Joined HPL in 1989 and is currently
working in the area of single sourcing content for multi-channel
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