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Device independence and the Web

published in IEEE Internet Computing, Sept.-Oct. 2002
» © IEEE, 2002

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The Web is steadily increasing its reach beyond the desktop to devices ranging from mobile phones to domestic appliances. However, as the number of devices access the Internet increases, the problem of creating presentations for each device type grows worse. This paper explores these key questions:
  • How can we express a Web application independent of the delivery device?
  • How can we adapt device-independent applications to suit delivery device capabilities?
  • How can authors retain some control over the final presentation of their content?

» Read the full paper. (originally published as an HP Labs technical report). Requires » Adobe Acrobat.

About the authors:

Mark Butler Mark Butler is a researcher at HP Laboratories in Bristol, UK. His research interests include device independence, digital media, pervasive computing and machine intelligence. He received an MEng in Computer Science and Electronic Engineering from Birmingham University and a PhD in machine intelligence from Liverpool University. Mark is currently chair of the World Wide Web Consortium CC/PP Working Group and specification co-lead on Java Specification Request 188.
» Mark's personal page

Fabio Giannetti Fabio Giannetti has been a researcher at HP Laboratories in Bristol, since August 2000. He received and MSc in Computer Science Engineering from the University of Genoa, Italy in July 2000 with a thesis entitled "XML and XSL for document management and rendering". He has developed WH2FO (Word HTML to Formatting Objects) and FOA (Formatting Object Authoring tool), two public tools based on XSL-FO technology. Fabio is currently investigating how XML and XSL technology could be used to publish web applications and documents in a device independent manner across multiple channels.
» Fabio's personal page

Roger Gimson Roger Gimson has been a researcher at HP Laboratoriess in Bristol since 1987, involved with a wide range of projects both as an individual contributor and as a project manager. He received BSc and PhD degrees from the University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, and was a lecturer at University College Dublin and a researcher at Oxford University before joining HP. His current interests include content re-use and delivery. Roger is currently chair of the W3C Device Independence working group.

Tony Wiley Tony Wiley is a project manager in the Digital Media Systems Laboratory, HP Laboratories Bristol. Studied for BSc and PhD degrees in Computer Science at the University of Lancaster before taking a position in the Telecom Technology Group at Plessey Research in 1987. Joined HPL in 1989 and is currently working in the area of single sourcing content for multi-channel publishing.

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» Device independence
and the Web

© IEEE, 2002
» IEEE Internet Computing
» Mark Butler
(personal page)
» Fabio Giannetti
(personal page)

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