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Systematically Translating Service Level Objectives into Design and Operational Policies for Multi-Tier Applications
Chen, Yuan; Sahai, Akhil; Iyer, Subu; Milojicic, Dejan
Keyword(s): service level management, SLA, performance model, muti-tier applications
Abstract: We propose a systematic and practical approach that combines fine-grained performance modeling with regression analysis to translate Service Level Objectives (SLOs) into design and operational policies for multi-tier applications. These policies can then be used for designing a service to meet the SLOs and monitoring the service thereafter for violations at runtime. We demonstrate that our approach is practical and can be applied to commonly used multi-tier applications with different topologies and performance characteristics. Our approach handles both request- based and session-based workloads and deals with workload changes in terms of both request volume and transaction mix. Our approach is non-intrusive in the sense that it requires no specialized profiling, i.e., the data used in our approach is readily available from normal system and application monitoring. We validate our approach using both the RUBiS e-commerce benchmark and a trace-driven simulation of a business- critical enterprise application. These results show the effectiveness of our approach.
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