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Transparent Dynamic Optimization: The Design and Implementation of Dynamo

Bala, Vasanth; Duesterwald, Evelyn; Banerjia, Sanjeev


Keyword(s): dynamic optimization; compiler; trace selection; binary translation

Abstract: Dynamic optimization refers to the runtime optimization of a native program binary. This report describes the design and implementation of Dynamo, a prototype dynamic optimizer that is capable of optimizing a native program binary at runtime. Dynamo is a realistic implementation, not a simulation, that is written entirely in user-level software, and runs on a PA-RISC machine under the HPUX operating system. Dynamo does not depend on any special programming language, compiler, operating system or hardware support. Contrary to intuition, we demonstrate that it is possible to use a piece of software to improve the performance of a native, statically optimized program binary, while it is executing. Dynamo not only speeds up real application programs, its performance improvement is often quite significant. For example, the performance of many +O2 optimized SPECint95 binaries running under Dynamo is comparable to the performance of their +O4 optimized version running without Dynamo.

102 Pages

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