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Low-Latency Wireless Video Over 802.11 Networks Using Path Diversity

Miu, Allen; Apostolopoulos, John G.; Tan, Wai-tian; Trott, Mitchell


Keyword(s): wireless video; 802.11; path diversity; H.264; MPEG-4 AVC; video over 802.11

Abstract: Wireless local area networks, such as 802.11b, are becoming widespread as they provide simple wireless connectivity and data delivery. This paper examines low-latency (conversational) video communication over 802.11b networks. The challenges to enable low-latency video include overcoming the highly variable delays, losses, and bandwidth of 802.11b wireless networks. To overcome these challenges we (1) employ the H.264/MPEG-4 Advanced Video Coding (AVC) standard for high video compression efficiency and good resilience to losses, (2) use low-latency best-effort transport mechanisms, and (3) exploit the potential path diversity between each mobile client and multiple access points in the infrastructure, where we use multiple paths simultaneously or switch between multiple paths (site selection) as a function of channel characteristics. Our results indicate that the proposed system can provide significant benefits over conventional single access point (single path) systems. Notes: Copyright IEEE. To be published in and presented at the IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (ICME) 6-9 July 2003, Baltimore, Maryland

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